Planning & Brainstorming
Before you start writing, generate and organize your thoughts about what you want to say.
Consider first the type of writing you are asked to do; you may have to look closely at the prompt to figure out the type of writing. There are three main types: Expository, Narrative, and Persuasive.
|Expository / explanation
||Logical writing in which you explain a process or provide information.
||explain, detail, how
||Descriptive writing in which you use the five sense to tell a story.
|Persuasive / analytical
||Argument-driven writing in which you persuade your reader to believe or accept your ideas.
||persuade, why, analyze
- What key words are in the prompt? (HINT: Look for verbs, i.e., describe, compare, identify, etc.)
- Who are you, the writer? (What image or persona do you want to project?)
- Based on the above, what is your primary purpose for writing?
Expository (to explain) Persuasive (to persuade) Narrative (to entertain)
- Analyze your audience BEFORE you start writing, so you’ll know what format, style, vocabulary, or information is expected.
- What kinds of readers (audience) might you have?
- What questions would your audience have or ask?
- How will you brainstorm/prewrite/plan? (Venn diagram, t-chart, web, outline, bullet list, etc.)
- What organizational pattern will you use to convey your ideas?
(comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, general to specific, etc.)